Ramadan Note 17 – come to prayer when the call to prayer sounds

The Adhaan (call to prayer/worship) is said to have originated in Medina (the city in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his followers sought refuge when they were expelled from Mecca and which has come to be known as the City of the Prophet), when Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), sought to call the people to gather for prayer. A number of suggestions were made, including using a bell like the Christians or a ram’s horn like the Jews. It is said that Muhammad (peace be upon him) decided that the adhaan would be the Muslim way to gather people for prayer after it was revealed to him through either a dream to two of his companions or by the angel Gabriel. The caller, known as a muezzin, is responsible for calling the people to prayer. Bilal, one of the earliest reverts to Islam, and a former slave who was tortured because he rejected idol worship and his refusal to denounce Islam, and who was emancipated by one of the Prophet’s companions, was the first muezzin, chosen by the Prophet (peace be upon him) because of his strong and melodious voice. The Adhaan is also called in the right ear of newborn babies as the first sound the baby hears when coming into this world.

Allahu Akbar
God is Great
(said four times)

Ashhadu an la ilaha illa Allah
I bear witness that there is no god except the One God.
(said two times)

Ashadu anna Muhammadan Rasool Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
(said two times)

Hayya ‘ala-s-Salah
Hurry to the prayer (Rise up for prayer)
(said two times)

Hayya ‘ala-l-Falah
Hurry to success (Rise up for Salvation)
(said two times)

Allahu Akbar
God is Great
[said two times]

La ilaha illa Allah
There is no god except the One God

For the pre-dawn (fajr) prayer, the following phrase is inserted after the fifth part above, towards the end:

As-salatu Khayrun Minan-nawm
Prayer is better than sleep
(said two times)

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