Category Archives: Books

Ramadan, rukus & Qur’an

Yesterday, Youngest & I were discussing how to complete the Qur’an in 30 days. I started by saying there were just over 6,000 verses in Qur’an so if we divided that by 30, we’d have to read about 200 verses a day, which we could do if we read 50 verses after each of 4 salaat.  My very logical Youngest said you mean 40 verses if you read after each salaat. Well, yes. That devolved into a discussion about rukus, another ‘divider’ in the Qur’an. My children have been exposed and acclimatised to words like ‘juz’ ‘para’ ‘sipara’ & ‘ruku’ with respect to recitation of al Qur’an. I have not, and I have to rely on them to translate. I’m good with juz as I understand that to mean 1/30 of the Qur’an. But juz can be further subdivided. A ruku is one of those sub-divisions, but I couldn’t get a grasp of how many verses comprised 1 ruku. (Please note that this is not to be confused with the ruku position of salaat, but you will see that that position lead to its name).

So off we went to Google. After reading quite a few entries/posts, this is the explanation for a ruku in Qur’an:

Neither the Rasool saws nor his Companions ra divided the Qur’an into parts, and it seems that up to contemporary times, Arab-printed Qur’ans do not show the sub-divisions.

“Around the 4th century of the Hijri calendar the Ulema of Bukhara, Russia divided the entire Quran into 540 Rukus for Taraaweeh purposes. They reckoned that if one Ruku is recited in each raka’at of the Taraaweeh salaah the Hafiz will finish the Quran exactly on the 27th night of Ramadaan. The equation is as follows:

1 ruku per raka’at x 20 raka’ats = 20 Rukus per night x 27 nights = 540 rukus.

When devising these Rukus the Ulema made sure that Rukus contained aayats of the same topic and theme.

They named it Ruku because the Hafiz goes into ruku after reciting it in one raka’at of Taraaweeh salaah.”

However, searches for the number of rukus in Qur’an will also yield the number 558. Huh? The explanation lies in the the ulema of South Asia (according to my quran online):

“In South Asia the tradition is to complete recitation of the whole Qur’an in 27 nights. This required partitioning of the Qur’an in 27 x 20 = 540 sections excepting the Surah al-Fatiha. When such partitioning was done they ended up with 556 (+1 for Surat al-Fatiha) sections. Evidently, they did not go back to redo the partitioning to come with 540 sections. The Qur’an copies printed in South Asia have Ruku’ or Section markings showing number of the ruku’ within the Surah, within the Juz and ayah number within the ruku’.”

In Qur’ans which carry the ruku markings, the end of each ruku is marked on the margin of the Qur’an with the letter ‘ain, with the number of the ruku over it.

Read it in smaller more manageable portions, my respected brothers & sisters. And persevere.

PS: There is no compulsion to perform a ruku (as in salaat) after recitation of a ruku of the Qur’an. This is completely different from reciting an ayah of the Qur’an which requires that you perform a sajdah (as in salaat) at the end of the ayah.


Sharing WordFlow

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Some years ago, when NOS was engaged in hafiz classes, and was berating me for the absence of fluency in my own reading, I asked whether there was an equivalent to Ladybird Key Words books and was told no. Last year, or maybe the year before that, when I was in tajweed learning mode, I saw and purchased the above from SoundVision . There it sat, atop my concrete room divider, until my friend (and tajweed learning partner) came over and I held it aloft to show her. “Oh, for me?” “Uh…no.” some time later I caved and passed it along unopened. So, I bought myself another, and this time, it sat in the bookcase reserved for Islamic literature. Today, I opened it. So I share. It comprises 92 ‘key’ words, one Arabic word per side of 46 flash cards. My intent is to pin them on the whiteboard to start the process. Will let you know how it goes. Hmmm, I have inserted links to Ladybird and SoundVision but they are invisible on the post………

The instructions are below:

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Qur’an – the pages (more numbers fun)

My introduction to Qur’an was primarily my maternal grandfather, then maktab which was sort of equivalent to Sunday school, then Imam Hassan Karimullah’s concentrated course where we jettisoned the urdu pronunciation and my parents and I competed with each other in arabic writing and decorating skills, and my parents complemented each other in memorisation of the correct recitation of surahs, and where I learnt (and re-learnt some) the last 10 surahs.

In Bim, my children attended/attend madressah and I found myself faced with totally unfamiliar terms within the qur’anic context – amsipara, juz, rukhu, for example. More recently, there was talk about a 13 line Qur’an (as a guide to the number of pages a budding Haafiz {memorizer of entire Qur’an} should learn per day). I’ve found this interesting article at: .

And I hope the publisher doesn’t mind me copying and pasting some excerpts here:

Al-Quran is printed in general in the following formats:

  • 13 lines per page
  • 15 lines per page
  • or 17 lines per page.

Most common of these is the one with 15 lines per page. In this print, every page ends with an Ayah. It is convenient for the Huffaz to memorize it and that’s why it is also called as “Hafizi Qur’an” by common people. Actually the right word for the copy of the Qur’an is Mushaf.

The font used in 15 lines Quran name is “Majidi” for indo-pak print and the other is called “Othmani” for the Arab world print. These two are our references and we will talk about these prints below. I strongly recommend you to follow one of these.

Total no of pages of 15 lines per page copy of the Quran is 611 for the Majidi print (604 for Othmani print). Total pages in each para/Juz is 20.

Distribution of the pages

Lets see the distribution of pages for the Majidi print:

  • Page 1: Title page (with just a design)
  • Page 2: Surah Al-Fatihah
  • Para 1 begins at 3 (That is interesting. Actually, para division is done later on for convenience so that people can complete the recitation in a month, esp. in Ramadan; 1st Para is called alif-laam-meem).
  • Para 2 begins at 23,
  • Para 3 begins at 43,
  • Para 4 begins at 63 and so on
  • Para 29 has 4 extra pages (due to more Surahs; and you know that a Surah begins with Bismillah and a line having its name etc; so 2 lines for each Surah in its beginning)
  • Para 30 has 5 extra pages. (due to more Surahs)

So the total number of pages in Majidi print is:

2+600+9 = 611 (604 for Othmani print).

How to locate the first page of a para/juz/part?

It’s very easy. To find the first page of Para 5, note that 4 paras are over. (Don’t forget to focus on the NUMBER OF paras that are completed, in this case: 4). 4 x 2 = 8;

Just attach 3 to its right, i.e 83 (that is the first page of Para 5).

To find the beginning page of Para 15, (14 paras are completed) 14 x 2 = 28, just attach 3 to it, i.e 283

Note: If you are using Othmani print, attach number 2 instead of three.